The fast of Karwa Chauth is kept 9 days before Diwali. It falls on the fourth day of the Kartik month by the Hindu calendar (fourth day of the waning moon or the dark fortnight).
This year karwa chauth is on 11th October, 2014 (Saturday).
Karwa Chauth 2014 Puja Muhurat
- Puja Muhurat: From 5:52 p.m. to 7:07 p.m.
- Moon rise time: At 8:19 p.m.
Karwa Chouth is considered one of the most important fasts observed by the married Hindu women. On this day the women pray for the welfare and long life of their husbands. It is the most important and difficult fast observed by married Hindu women.
It begins before sunrise and ends only after offering prayers and worshipping the moon at night. In Punjabi communities, the Karva Chauth song is sung seven times, the first six of which describe some of the activities that are taboo during the fast and the seventh describes the lifting of those restrictions with the conclusion of the fast. The forbidden activities include weaving cloth (kumbh chrakhra feri naa), pleading with or attempting to please anyone (ruthda maniyen naa), and awakening anyone who is asleep (suthra jagayeen naa).
For the first six feris they sing – “ …Veero kudiye karvara, Sarv suhagan karvara, Aye katti naya teri naa, Kumbh chrakhra feri naa, Aar pair payeen naa, Ruthda maniyen naa, Suthra jagayeen naa, Ve veero kuriye karvara, Ve sarv suhagan karvara… ” For the seventh feri, they sing – “ …Veero kudiye karvara, Sarv suhagan karvara, Aye katti naya teri nee, Kumbh chrakhra feri bhee, Aar pair payeen bhee, Ruthda maniyen bhee, Suthra jagayeen bhee, Ve veero kuriye karvara, Ve sarv suhagan karvara… Karwa Chauth is a festival of married Hindu women.
The word ‘Karwa’ means an earthen pot with a spout, which is used in prayers. ‘Chauth’ means the fourth day and hence the name ‘Karva Chauth’.
It is a traditional fast undertaken by married Hindu women who offer prayers seeking the welfare, prosperity, well-being, and longevity of their husbands. Karwa Chauth falls about nine days before diwali on the Kartik Chauth some time in October or November. It is the most important fast observed by the women of North India. Fast of Karwa Chauth is quite tough as women are supposed to go without food or water for the entire day.
Karwa Chauth Food Items
• Sargi, which includes pheni (a sweet made by using milk and semolina), parantha, and various types of fruits and sweets.
• Ten matthis with an equal number of puas (a sweet made of jaggery)
• Delicous halwa
Karwa Chauth Beauty Essential (Sringar) Items
• Henna Mehndi for applying on palms and feet.
• Fashionable and multicolored glass bangles.
• Beautiful and traditional jewelry items like mangalsutra, maangtika, rings, necklace, bangles, ear-rings, anklets (payal), toe-rings, nose-ring, etc.
• Makeup items like bindi, kumkum or sindoor, lipstick, rouge, kajal, eye-liner, mascara, and so.
Karwa Chauth Cloth Items
• Baya or Bayana that includes gifts for the mother-in-law, which is ideally a sari.
• A set of new clothes, which is usually a bridal-sari (suhag joda) for the lady performing the vrat.
Karwa Chauth Puja Items
• A stable platform for performing the puja
• Cow-dung to make the image of the goddess Gora or Parwati
• Sindur or kumkum
• A strand of red thread (called kalawa)
• Karwa Chauth story book
• Matthi for bhog
• Karwa (a clay vessel containing water)
• A plate for keeping puja samagri
• Money for chadawa
• Other miscellaneous puja items
Karva chauth is the most awaited festival of the year and is welcomed by married woman with great fervour. For a newly-wed woman, karva chauth is particularly special, as they get decked up in their bridal lehnga-choli. The things that symbolize and reflect the marital status of a woman, such as jewellery, bangles, henna, bindi, lehnga choli and many other traditional gifts are in high demand on this special occasion. Usually, women receive beautiful gifts from their husbands and relatives on this day, as a gesture of their love and care. Every year women gets puzzle, by asking each other, when is karwa chauth? Generally every time 2 dates are there :).